Published April 22, 2022
At the cellular level, mitochondria assist in the conversion of food into energy that the cell utilizes to perform its functions. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is an essential molecule created by mitochondria using the nutrients we consume. Research indicates a direct correlation between nutrients and mitochondrial function, particularly ATP enhancement, can be found.
Best Mitochondrial Supplements
When diet alone cannot supply the nutrients our body needs, dietary supplements may help maintain optimal health. This is also a highly effective method for promoting mitochondrial function. Numerous mitochondrial supplements can be taken together with a good diet and healthy lifestyle habits.
1. Acetyl L-carnitine (ALC)
CD4 and CD8 immune cells are protected by Acetyl L-carnitine (ALC), which also helps lymphocytes to reproduce in order to identify and eliminate invading antigens. In addition, this part of the T cell immune system supports the B cell immune system, which produces antibodies.
2. Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA)
When paired with acetyl L-carnitine, alpha lipoic acid (ALA) helps to decrease oxidative damage. Oxidative stress damages DNA, RNA, proteins, mitochondrial membranes, and lipids, resulting in the degeneration of mitochondria, tissues, cells, and eventually organs, including the brain.
A polyphenol molecule, resveratrol is found in various plant species, such as grapes and cranberries, and is widely found in wine. Polyphenols work as antioxidants, protecting plants from bacteria, fungus, and radiation damage. Resveratrol has been found to enhance optimal immune function and its antioxidant properties as well as support cardiovascular function.
4. N-acetyl cysteine (NAC)
As a free radical scavenger and liver detoxifier, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is an excellent supplement. Additionally, it has been demonstrated that NAC increases the production of glutathione, an antioxidant present in the body. Along with its antioxidant properties, glutathione strengthens the immune system by activating T cells, thereby assisting in maintaining immune balance.
5. Omega-3 fatty acids
Omega-3 fatty acids benefit the body on numerous levels. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation has a beneficial effect on the mitochondrial membranes’ composition and contributes to an increase in adenosine diphosphate (ADP) sensitivity. In addition, supplementation of omega-3 fatty acids has been shown to aid in the reversal of mitochondrial dysfunction associated with particular health disorders affecting cardiovascular, glucose, and liver functions.
6. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)
CoQ10, sometimes called ubiquinone, is found in abundance in the mitochondria. This nutrient is involved in cellular energy production. CoQ10 improves glycemic control through a direct influence on mitochondrial activity. Additionally, it affects mitochondrial function by promoting electron transport across the electron transport chain and preventing mitochondrial oxidative damage.
7. Green tea polyphenols
Antioxidant, probiotic, and immune-supporting effects have been found in green tea polyphenols. In addition, the liver detoxification enzymes are stimulated by the polyphenols. Thus, promoting harmful chemicals’ detoxification from the body.
8. Vitamin C and E
Supplementing a mix of vitamin C and vitamin E improves cognitive performance in the elderly. Vitamin E is a hydrophilic antioxidant that operates as a breaker of oxidation chains in a lipid environment. Meanwhile, vitamin C was found to have antidepressant properties in depressed patients.
Quercetin is an essential flavonoid found in a wide variety of foods. Historically, it has been regarded as a potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant molecule. Quercetin is currently recognized as a phytochemical capable of modulating ATP anabolism and oxidative respiration. It also modulates mitochondrial biogenesis, membrane potential, intra-mitochondrial redox status, and, eventually, mitochondria-induced apoptosis.
Curcumin, a turmeric polyphenol and nontoxic compound, positively affects the central nervous system (CNS) cells in various disorders. In addition, Curcumin has been demonstrated to possess significant neuroprotective and mitochondrial protective capabilities against various neurotoxic compounds and diseases/injuries associated with neurodegenerative diseases (NDs).
Take Supplements to Meet Nutritional Needs
Micronutrients have an effect on mitochondrial function since they are required for the production of ATP and energy metabolism. Therefore, it is essential to maintain sufficient key nutrients that promote mitochondrial function. If a healthy diet isn’t enough to meet your nutritional needs for cell function, you may benefit from taking mitochondrial supplements.
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About The Author
Krizzia Paolyn, is an SEO Specialist and author. She also holds a bachelor’s degree in Psychology. She started her career as a content writer for various digital magazines and renowned publications. It has always been her passion to share her voice, and at the same time, to encourage others to share their voices as well.